中国分布式计算论坛

 找回密码
 新注册用户
搜索
查看: 11926|回复: 6

[D2OL]官方论坛新手FAQ(汉化版)

[复制链接]
发表于 2008-2-28 22:34:42 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
原文地址Topic: FAQ - General Support

发布者为 No one of Consequence

注:
本汉化所针对原文最后更新于 [ April 15, 2007, 10:05 AM: Message edited by: Adam Hughes ]
如您发现D2OL网站本帖已有更新,请告诉我~
此FAQ主要针对D2OL的2.0版。
我会对据传近期即将发布的新版客户端保持关注。
如果您有新消息,或者对翻译内容有疑惑、报错,或者有好的建议,等等,请跟帖或发送站内短消息给我。
谢谢您的支持。坚持就是胜利~


Welcome to thefirst release of the Drug Design and Optimization Lab, here on known asD2OL, Support Forum FAQ. This FAQ was written to help new users withsupport issues and answer commonly asked questions. It will be anongoing project, constantly updated and polished to reflect thechanging issues we as a community may encounter. If there is anythingyou would like to see added to this FAQ please take it to a privatemessage to either Charles or Nicholas and we will get back to you assoon as possible.
这里是药物设计与优化实验室(即D2OL)支持论坛的FAQ。本FAQ用于帮助新用户了解相关的支持信息及常见问题的答案。这是一个持续的项目,以不断的更新与修改来反应我们的社区所遇到的问题。您可以用私人简讯把您希望加入到本FAQ中的任何事告诉Charles或Nicholas,然后我们会尽快给您答复。

Before going on we assume that you alreadyhave the D2OL software downloaded and installed on your computer, oryou are having problems installing it. If you do not have it yet, thenit can be found at www.d2ol.com.The client is available for the Windows 9x, NT, 2000, 2003 and XPoperating systems, as well as Linux, Solaris and Mac OS X. Please notethat support for Windows 95 and Windows NT 4.0 is limited due to thoseoperating systems implementation of Java.
在开始前,我们先假定您已经下载并安装了D2OL软件到您的电脑上,或者已下载但在安装过程中遇到了问题。若您还没有下载它,您可在 www.d2ol.com 找到它。该客户端有多个平台的版本,可安装在 Windows 9x/NT/2000/2003/XP 操作系统,及 Linux,Solaris,Mac OS X。请注意,由于对JAVA的执行能力所限,该客户端不支持 Windows 95 和 Windows NT 4.0 操作系统。

This FAQ is basicallya summary of questions and answers in the D2OL Support Forum. They havebeen categorized by subject and should be able to answer most newuser's questions.
本FAQ基于对D2OL支持论坛的问题和解答的总结。它们被分类列出,并且应当可以回答新手的大多数问题。

--------------------

索引:
  • #2 安装与注册
        * 为什么有两个不同版本的安装程序,一个有Java虚拟机,而另一个没有?
        * 我已经下载了D2OL软件,我该怎样安装它?
        * 当我安装D2OL时,我没有选择让其随windows系统一同启动,但现在我希望它随系统启动...我查看了D2OL的所有配置选项,但没有找到开机启动的选项。除了重装程序之外,有什么方法来设置D2OL随系统启动呢?
  • #3 通讯与连接问题
        * 在安装完D2OL软件、并在询问时输入了我的e-mail地址后,客户端的图形用户界面启动,但什么事也没有发生。在图形用户界面的底部显示一条信息“Initializing”(初始化中)。出了什么问题?我该怎么解决它?
        * 我发现端口 ### 总是开放的。为什么?它究竟需要哪些端口?
        * 我的代理服务器需要我填写用户名和密码,我该怎么做?到哪里填写?
        * D2OL已经接入了Internet,但它仍然无法连接服务器,有什么好主意么?
        * 每个候选者(candidate)有多大?它们需要很长时间来下载么?
        * 我需要宽带或一直与Internet保持连接么?
  • #4 运行情况
        * 在运行D2OL客户端时,我的计算机反应变慢,为什么?
        * D2OL有针对哪些指令集进行过优化么?
  • #5 统计数据与团队
        * 我已安装了D2OL,并且一切运行正常。我如何查看我的统计数据?
        * 我如何加入一个团队?
        * 我可以使用超过一台计算机来运算D2OL么?
        * 什么是节点(node)?
        * 我的客户端显示的统计数据与我的会员服务页面所显示的不同,为什么?
  • #6 一般问题
        * 在候选者(candidates)下载之后,需要我做些什么?
        * 我有许多节点(nodes),有些不再会运算D2OL了。我能否把这些节点精简合并到一起,这样我的概况会少一些,或者我能否把它们彻底删除?
        * 我的电脑崩溃了,我不得不重装操作系统。当我重装D2OL之后,我发现我有了一个新的节点代号(Node ID)。我如何找回原来的节点代号?
        * 我刚重装了我的操作系统,我之前也已备份了我的节点代号(Node ID)。我该如何把它恢复到我新安装的D2OL里面去呢?
        * D2OL能否完全后台运行,不显示出任务栏的小图标?
        * D2OL能否作为 WinNT/Win2000/WinXP 的服务来运行?
        * D2OL能否在SMP(注:对我们普通用户来说,就当作多核处理器吧)或Intel P4 超线程系统上运行?
        * 客户端能否离线运算或'sneakernetted'?
        * 我的客户端在运行某个候选者时被挂起,并且不再继续,怎么回事?
        * 为何使用Java?
        * 有没有第三方程序,使我可以在不打开Java GUI界面的情况下也能监控我的客户端进展状况?





  • 原文的最后:
    • 论坛帮助(Forum Help):

    Q:You guys all have custom avatars, why can I not use one?
    A:You will notice that all of the users with custom avatars have higherpost counts. In order to be able to use your own avatar you must have aMember Status of at least ‘Member’ or higher. Currently, it takes 75posts to reach this status. Being able to show off a custom avatar iskind of like an award for sticking around and helping out others in thecommunity. You will get there eventually so chose one of the offeredavatars and welcome to the community.

    是关于官方论坛自定义头像的问题,就不具体翻译了。

    [ 本帖最后由 Julian_Yuen 于 2008-5-10 16:49 编辑 ]

    评分

    参与人数 1维基拼图 +150 收起 理由
    霊烏路 空 + 150

    查看全部评分

     楼主| 发表于 2008-2-28 22:40:46 | 显示全部楼层
    • 安装与注册(Installation and Registration):

    Q:Why are their two different installers, one with and another without the Java Virtual Machine?
    A:Two different installers are provided for your convenience. If youalready have Java 1.4.1 or newer installed on your machine then thereis no need to download the installer that includes Java. If not you canether download the latest Java version from java.sun.com or download the D2OL installer that includes the Java Virtual Machine.

    Q: 为什么有两个不同版本的安装程序,一个有Java虚拟机,而另一个没有?
    A:
    我们提供这两个不同的版本来方便您的选择。如果您已经安装了Java 1.4.1或更新的版本在您的机器上,那么您就不需要下载包含了Java的安装程序了。如果您机器上没有安装的话,您可选择从 java.sun.com 下载最新版本或下载包含Java虚拟机的D2OL安装程序。

    注:根据我本人的经历,推荐安装带有Java虚拟机的版本,理由是本人机器安装了最新的Java虚拟机,D2OL计算也很正常,但在统计Total Docking Time的时候出现了问题。我尝试重装了无Java的D2OL程序,但依然没有解决。而当我覆盖安装了带Java虚拟机的D2OL版本之后,Total Docking Time就可以正常进行了。虽然不能确定一定是由此造成的,但为避免出现问题,我建议安装带Java的版本。(本文均针对D2OL2.0版本进行的说明)
    update:新装的D2OL3.0依然在Total Docking Time存在问题.....我就郁闷了.....在官方论坛看了点介绍,但似乎没什么解决方法


    Q:I have the D2OL software downloaded, how do I install it?
    A:Installation is pretty straight forward. Run the installer and answerall appropriate questions, the defaults are generally acceptable tomost users. A note to Mac OS X users, currently there is no option tochange the default install folder, more information about this can befound in the Mac Client Forum FAQ. You will be asked if you want toinstall over an old Version 1.2 installation or install Version 2.0from scratch, select Version 2.0 and proceed per the instructions. Whenfinished the installer will ask you if you want D2OL to startautomatically when your computer starts up. Select yes or no accordingto your preference. Now the D2OL client will start and it will ask youfor your e-mail address. Once entered the client should connect to theInternet, download candidates and start crunching.

    Q: 我已经下载了D2OL软件,我该怎样安装它?
    A:
    安装是那种“一路到底型”的。运行安装程序饼回答所有问题即可。默认设置适用于绝大多数用户。Mac OS X 用户暂不能改变默认的安装目录,更多相关信息可在Mac客户端的论坛FAQ里找到。程序将会问您是在原有的1.2版基础上覆盖安装,还是进行2.0版本的全新安装。选择后继续执行指令。安装程序结束时会问您是否希望D2OL开机时自动启动。您可根据自己的意愿来选择 yes 或 no。选择完之后,D2OL客户端将会启动,并且会询问您的e-mail地址。在输入邮箱后,客户端需要连接Internet,下载候选者(candidates)并开始运算。

    Q:WhenI installed D2OL, I didn't tell it to start when Windows starts up, butnow I want D2OL to start on Windows startup... I checked on all thepreferences in D2OL, but could not find a startup option. Is there anyway to set D2OL to start when Windows launches without re-installing?
    A:Yes, all D2OL does is create a short-cut in the Startup folder in theWindows Start Menu. To do this manually, just right click on the StartButton and select ‘Open All Users’ from the context menu. Browse to theStartup folder and right click again in an open area and select ‘New |Shortcut’ from the context menu. Follow the instructions to create theshortcut to d2ol.exe. The default install folder for D2OL is C:\Program Files\SengentD2OL\D2OL\, you will need to know this or the folder you installed D2OL to create the shortcut.

    Q: 当我安装D2OL时,我没有选择让其随windows系统一同启动,但现在我希望它随系统启动...我查看了D2OL的所有配置选项,但没有找到开机启动的选项。除了重装程序之外,有什么方法来设置D2OL随系统启动呢?
    A:
    有办法,因为D2OL所做的就是在Windows“开始”菜单的“启动”里面添加了一个快捷方式。手动操作过程为,鼠标右击“开始”键,并从菜单中选择“打开所有用户”,然后浏览到“程序”中“启动”文件夹,右键创建快捷方式,并将其指向 d2ol.exe 。D2OL默认的安装目录是 C:\Program Files\SengentD2OL\D2OL\ ,您需要知道这一信息或者您自定义的安装D2OL的目录来创建快捷方式。

    [ 本帖最后由 Julian_Yuen 于 2008-10-28 17:06 编辑 ]
     楼主| 发表于 2008-2-28 22:41:56 | 显示全部楼层
    • 通讯与连接问题(Communication and Connectivity Problems):

    Q:Afterinstalling the D2OL software and giving it my e-mail address whenasked, the client GUI starts up but nothing happens. A message is onthe bottom of the GUI displays a message saying “Initializing”. What’swrong and how do I fix this?
    A:First congratulations,you have successfully installed the D2OL software to your computer. Itappears that the client cannot talk to the outside world and the D2OLservers. Are you behind a proxy server or firewall? You can set yourproxy connection settings via the ‘Properties’ option. Just click onthe picture of the checkmark in the GUI and select ‘Network’. From thisscreen you can input your proxy information. If you are behind afirewall please make sure D2OL has permission to access the Internetand port 80 is open.

    Q: 在安装完D2OL软件、并在询问时输入了我的e-mail地址后,客户端的图形用户界面启动,但什么事也没有发生。在图形用户界面的底部显示一条信息“Initializing”(初始化中)。出了什么问题?我该怎么解决它?
    A:
    首先要向您表示祝贺,您已经成功安装了D2OL软件。当客户端无法连接到外界及D2OL服务器的时候,就会出现上述情况。您是否处在代理服务器或防火墙之后?您可以通过‘Properties’选项来设置您的代理服务器连接,只需您点击图形用户界面左侧的对勾号图片,然后选择 ‘Network’ 后进行设置即可。在这个界面您可以输入您的代理服务器的信息,如果您在防火墙之后,请确保D2OL能够访问互联网及开放80端口。

    Q:I see port ### always open.  Why?  What ports does it really need?
    A: The  onlyport D2OL uses to communicate with our servers is port 80. However,there are two comman ports that work as loopbacks. One random port thatwill open in order to connect the engine with the GUI and another thatexists to communicate with screensaver mode. These ports never accessthe internet and only exist locally. While they may report false hitson a local software firewall, a hardware firewall will not see thisactivity.

    Q: 我发现端口 ### 总是开放的。为什么?它究竟需要哪些端口?
    A:
    D2OL连接服务器所需要的唯一端口就是80端口。然而,还需要2个作为回环之用的端口。其中一个端口是为了将运算引擎与图形用户界面相连,另一个则被用于进行与屏保模式的通讯。这些端口仅仅是本地连接,它们从不会连接Internet。它们被本地防火墙拦截时会报告错误,但处于外部的硬件防火墙将不会侦测到它们的活动。

    Q:But my Proxy requires me to enter a user name and password, how and where do I do this?
    A: Unfortunately, the Java package that D2OL uses does not allow the passing of a username and password for proxies.  Sorry.  :/

    Q: 我的代理服务器需要我填写用户名和密码,我该怎么做?到哪里填写?
    A:
    不幸的是,D2OL所用的Java包并不允许访问需要用户名和密码的代理服务器。对不起。 :/

    Q:D2OL has access to the Internet and it still will not connect, any more ideas?
    A:Not to worry, the problem may not be with you. Every once and a whilethe D2OL servers may be down or be experiencing high network traffic.To see if this is the case please click on the bar graph picture in theGUI, this selects the ‘Status’ option. Communication with the D2OLservers is a six step process. From here you can see each step takeplace. If you wish to try to force a connection with the D2OL serversjust click on the ‘Manual Update’ button and watch each service connectto its appropriate server. If there is a problem an error message willbe displayed for each service step. If you suspect that the servers arenot responding - check back in the forum. There may be a scheduledoutage or someone may be able to confirm that the outage has beenreported.

    Q: D2OL已经接入了Internet,但它仍然无法连接服务器,有什么好主意么?
    A:
    别担心,这可能不是你的问题。有时会遇上D2OL服务器停机,或者服务器正经历网络流量的高峰时期。如要查看是何种情况,请点击图形用户界面左侧的栅条形图片(注:就是长的像手机信号的那个~),这将打开‘Status’ 选项。与D2OL服务器连接的过程共分6步。在这里您可以看到每步的情况。如果您希望手动连接D2OL服务器,点击左下角的 ‘Manual Update’ 按钮即可,并且您可以看到每步服务与相应服务器进行连接的情况。如果某步出现错误,那么该步就会显示出一个错误信息。如果您怀疑服务器无法正常响应 - 请去论坛查看。这可能是由于计划停机,或者已有人报告了停机并且已经得到了确认。

    Q:How big is each candidate and do they take a long time to download?
    A:Each candidate is compressed before it is sent to your computer, sothey are about 8 Kbytes each. The downloading can take a while, even ona broadband connection, because the candidate server meters theoutgoing traffic so as to not overload itself. The time differencebetween a broadband and 56K dial-up connection is minimal.

    Q: 每个候选者(candidate)有多大?它们需要很长时间来下载么?
    A:
    每个候选者在发送到您的电脑之前就已经被压缩了,它们每个大约只有 8 Kb。即使您使用的是宽带连接,下载候选者也会花费一点时间,因为发送候选者的服务器限制了网路流量以便使其自身不致过载。使用宽带和56K拨号连接来下载候选者的区别很小。

    Q:Do I need a broadband or an always on connection to the Internet?
    A:No you do not need a broadband or always on connection. With a maximumqueue size of 2,000 you can let D2OL crunch for several weeks beforeneeding to connect to the Internet for new candidates and to upload itscompleted results (this is of course dependent on your CPU speed). Thedefault queue size is 50 which is an average day of work - however,this presupposes an always-on connection wherein the client will fetchnew work units whenever it needs new ones. If you are running offline,or have a dial-up connection, a queue of at least 500 candidates issuggested. This will provide enough work if there is a server outage,connection outage or a forgotten upload/download.

    Q: 我需要宽带或一直与Internet保持连接么?
    A:
    不,宽带连接和一直保持在线连接都不是必须的。因为有了多达2000的任务队列,所以这足够您在下次需要联网上传结果和下载新的候选者之前计算数天(当然,这一时间也取决于您的CPU的速度)。默认的任务队列是50,这只是一台机器平均一天的计算量 - 然而,如果预先假定一直在线,那么客户端就可以在自己所需的任何时候进行上传和下载。如果您是离线运算,或者使用的是拨号连接,那么我们建议您至少设置500的任务队列。一旦遇到服务器停机、无法连接或者忘记了上传下载,这将保证为您提供足够的任务。

    [ 本帖最后由 Julian_Yuen 于 2008-5-10 16:50 编辑 ]
     楼主| 发表于 2008-2-28 22:43:52 | 显示全部楼层
  • 运行情况(Performance):
    Q:My computer responsiveness slows down when running the D2OL client, why?
    A:Even though D2OL is the lowest priority program when running, someusers still report problems with their machines slowing down after D2OLis installed. The most common culprit is the amount of RAM or memoryinstalled in your computer. The problem resides with how much RAM allof your applications require to run. Typical consumer machines sold atthe store today can come from the factory with only 128MBs, which isjust enough for Windows XP and not much more. D2OL can use between 40MBand 100MB of RAM, depending on what stage of processing the client isdoing and if the Java GUI is open. Add in 16MB for Microsoft Word,another 16MB for Microsoft Internet Explorer and your available RAMwill quickly disappear. The D2OL staff recommends at least 256MB of RAMin your computer, but many D2OL users have 512MB of RAM at a minimum intheir computers and report back with no slow downs.

    The secondculprit can be the Graphical User Interface. While it is nice eyecandy, it it not really designed to be left opened behind your otherapplications. If you close the GUI, you will still see the small iconin your tray showing that the client is still running and crunching.The modeling graphics can slow down both D2OL and your PC in general -especially on lower end graphics cards.

    Q: 在运行D2OL客户端时,我的计算机反应变慢,为什么?
    A:
    即使D2OL以最低的优先级运行,仍然有用户报告说他们的机器在安装了D2OL之后变慢了。引发这一不良后果德尔最常见原因是您的电脑的内存数量过少。(原文以下内容较老,故精简和略去了部分内容。)( 注:对我们目前的机器来说,内存基本已经不是问题了。原文的最后一句指出用户反馈表明,如果想要不拖慢电脑,那么至少需要512MB的内存。相信这个要求对于目前的电脑发展水平来说已经很低了。)

       另一个可能的原因就是图形用户界面(Graphical User Interface)。它看起来很好看,但它并没有被设计成需要打开才能进行运算。如果您关闭GUI,您将会发现任务栏里D2OL的小图标显示客户端仍在计算。GUI里的模型图像会拖慢D2OL本身的运算以及您对计算机的通常使用 - 尤其是在显卡较为低端的时候。

    Q:Are there any instruction set optimizations for D2OL?
    A:At this time there are no optimizations for any instruction sets.Hopefully in the future we will see optimizations for Intel's SSE &SSE2, AMD's 3D-Now & AMD x86-64 and Apple's Velocity Engine.

    Q: D2OL有针对哪些指令集进行过优化么?
    A:
    目前没有对任何指令集进行优化。希望以后我们能够对Intel's SSE & SSE2, AMD 3D-Now 及 AMD x86-64 及 Apple's Velocity Engine 进行优化。.

    [ 本帖最后由 Julian_Yuen 于 2008-5-10 16:51 编辑 ]
  •  楼主| 发表于 2008-2-28 22:44:33 | 显示全部楼层
    • 统计数据与团队(Stats and Teams):

    Q:I have D2OL installed and everything is working as it should.  How can I check my stats?
    A:While everyone who participates has stats - only Members can look uptheir stats or make it onto the "scoreboard". To become a member youneed to visit the Member Services webpage, which can be found by clicking on the ‘Teams’ shortcut on the main D2OL   web page.You will need to register first before you continue. This requires thatyou know your Node ID which is located in the upper right corner of theGUI screen. Insert the e-mail address that you used when installing theclient and choose a Member Name and Password. Click on ‘Create’ and youwill be at your member services home page. Everything you crunchedbefore becoming a member will be waiting for you, so don't worry if youjoined "late".

    Q: 我已安装了D2OL,并且一切运行正常。我如何查看我的统计数据?
    A:
    每个参与计算的人都有数据统计- 但只有注册成员才可以查看他们的统计,或显示其在"scoreboard"(积分榜)上。若想成为会员,您需要访问Member Services 页面。您可在D2OL的首页点击 ‘Teams’ 链接之后找到它。在您继续(访问该统计页面)之前,您需要先注册。这需要您知道自己的节点代号。您可在GUI界面的右上角查看到该代号。输入您安装完D2OL客户端后填写的e-mail,然后设定自己的用户名和密码。最后点击‘Create’(创建)之后,您就会处于您的会员服务主页(member services home page)。在您成为会员之前所计算出的结果的统计信息都会被保留,所以不必担心自己是否加入的"太迟"。

    Q:How do I join a team?  
    A:Once you have completed the above steps to create your member home page you can join a team.  From your   member services home page follow the links in the ‘Team Information’ section.  You can ether join an existing team or start your own.

    Q: 我如何加入一个团队?
    A:
    当您完成了上述建立自己的会员主页的过程之后,您就可以去参加一个团队了。在您的会员服务主页,参照‘Team Information’ 部分的链接即可。您可以选择加入一个已存在的团队或者创建您自己的团队。

    Q:Can I use more than one computer for D2OL?
    A:Of course you can. Install the D2OL client on your other machines thesame way you did your first one, just make sure to use the same e-mail address.After the additional installations are up and running go to your memberservices home page and scroll to the bottom where you will find abutton for adding new nodes. Click on the button and follow theinstructions to add your new nodes to your account.

    Q: 我可以使用超过一台计算机来运算D2OL么?
    A:
    当然可以。就像您最初安装时的过程一样,把D2OL客户端安装到其他的机器上,不过要注意确定自己使用的是相同的e-mail地址。在其他新机器完成了安装并开始运算的时候,您就可以到您的会员服务主页,找到加入新节点的按钮(add new nodes)。点击那个按钮,并按照网页显示的信息,就可把新增的节点加入到您的帐户里面。

    Q:What is a node?
    A:A node is simply an identification number of each one of your computersto the D2OL servers. All stats are at the Node level. Nodes stats areaggregated to Members which in turn are aggregated to Teams. Werecommend that you back up all of your Node IDs so that you never losethem. The file can be found at C:\SengentD2OL\D2OL\res\ and is named node.prp.  Create folders named with each Node ID number and copy the node.prp files into the appropriate folder.   

    Q: 什么是节点(node)?
    A:
    简单来说,在D2OL的服务器看来,节点就是代表您的电脑身份的数字。所有的数据统计都是在节点层面进行的。节点的统计数据加在一起,就是会员的统计数据;同样的,会员的统计数据加在一起,就是团队的统计数据。我们建议您备份您所有的节点ID,这样您就不会丢失这些ID。节点ID存储在 C:\SengentD2OL\D2OL\res\ 下的 node.prp 文件内。可以创建以节点ID号码命名的文件夹,然后把对应的 node.prp 文件备份进去。(注:同一台电脑,同一个邮箱,申请了两次,那这两次所得到的ID一定是不一样的。无论您重装D2OL或是重装系统,唯一保存了您的ID号码的就是node.prp文件。)

    Q:My client reports different statistics than what my Member Service homepage shows.  Why?
    A:The client keeps a total tally of what it has crunched.  The stats website reports what the server has acceptedas valid results. Sometimes completed work units have errors in themthat make then unusable. Othertimes, a bad candidate file can becrunched in under one second. D2OL only credit accounts for work donethat can actually be used. The website is the record by which everyoneabides; if you have a discrepancy, please contact the projectadministrator at help@childhooddiseases.org in order to explore why your work may have been rejected.

    Q: 我的客户端显示的统计数据与我的会员服务页面所显示的不同,为什么?
    A:
    客户端保留了对其所运算的任务的总计。状态页面显示了被服务器认定为有效的结果。有时完成的WU有错,这些错误的WU没有任何用处。有时有些儿错误的候选者文件甚至能够在1秒内计算完毕(注:显然,这些也是不会给分的。)。D2OL只会对有效的结果授予积分。网页显示的是可被大家接受的结果记录。如果您有异议,请与项目主管 help@childhooddiseases.org 联系,来找出您的计算结果无效的原因。
    (这段翻得感觉不很通顺,我的理解是,假设您计算完成了20个候选者,然后上传,此时客户端显示上传了20个,但如果其中有出错的,或者服务器不接受此结果,那么该结果就无法得到分数。反映到网页上,您的有效上传就会低于20。您的会员服务页面所显示的信息体现的是被服务器所认可的结果的信息。只有正确的结果才能被服务器所接受,才能获得积分。)

    [ 本帖最后由 Julian_Yuen 于 2008-5-10 16:51 编辑 ]
     楼主| 发表于 2008-2-28 22:45:01 | 显示全部楼层
    • 一般问题(General):

    Q:What am I supposed to do now that the candidates have been downloaded?
    A:Well now you just let D2OL run in the background and do it's work.Every six hours the client will try to connect to the D2OL servers toupload completed results and download new candidates. For always onconnections this is not a problem for dial-up users you are going towant to set your queue big enough for a few days of work.

    Q: 在候选者(candidates)下载之后,需要我做些什么?
    A:
    此时您只需让D2OL在后台运行即可,它会自动的做它的工作。每6个小时客户端会尝试连接D2OL的服务器,上传已完成的任务,并下载新的候选者。对一直在线的机器来说这没什么影响,对拨号用户来说,您应该每隔几天去查看一下D2OL的任务队列中是否还有足够的任务。

    Q:Ihave a lot of nodes, some not even active anymore. Can I condense thosenodes into one so I have less overall, or can I delete them entirely?
    A:No you can not condense or delete your nodes.  You can only delete nodes with no results credited to them - but if they have anywork credited to them they must stay. Look at it from the point that if1,000 users each have a node with only one result returned to it, toeach user it may seem insignificant, but to the project they stillequal up to 1,000 completed candidates.

    Q: 我有许多节点(nodes),有些不再会运算D2OL了。我能否把这些节点精简合并到一起,这样我的统计概况会少一些,或者我能否把它们彻底删除?
    A:
    不,您不可以合并或删除您的节点。您只能删除那些没有任何任务积分的节点 - 但是如果它们得到了任何任务积分,它们就必须被保留。我们这样来看,如果1000个用户每人都有一个只回传了一个任务结果的节点,对每个用户来说似乎无关紧要,但对项目来说它们就是1000个已完成的候选者。[注:经我测试,如果您在官方网站删除了某个未曾回传结果的节点,那么该节点将再也无法通过 add node 加入到您的统计内。如果您在删除结点之后,依然以该节点ID进行计算,那么回传结果只会统计在该节点的统计之下,但统计结果不会添加到您的帐户下,虽然,它们使用的是相同的e-mail地址。还有,强调一下,就算对删除掉的节点回传了结果,服务器也确认了该结果,但您一样无法将该节点再次加入到您的统计之内。]

    无法从个人统计中删除带有积分的节点

    无法从个人统计中删除带有积分的节点


    Q:Mycomputer crashed and I had to reinstall the Operating System. After Ireinstalled D2OL I find that I have a new Node ID number. How do I getmy old Node ID back?
    A:Bad news here.  Unless you have previously backed up your node.prp file then the Node ID is forever lost.  Please read the above “What is a node?” question for more information on how to back-up your node.prp files.  

    Q: 我的电脑崩溃了,我不得不重装操作系统。当我重装D2OL之后,我发现我有了一个新的节点代号(Node ID)。我如何找回原来的节点代号?
    A:
    这里有个坏消息。除非先前您已经备份了您的 node.prp 文件,否则您的节点代号将永久丢失。请阅读上方的“什么是节点(node)?” 问题来获取更多有关于如何备份您的 node.prp 文件的信息。
    补充:静思夜的一个解决方案,有需要的算友可以参考 [D2OL]解决方案:丢失了node.prp怎么办


    Q:I just reinstalled my Operating System and had previously backed up my Node ID.  How do I restore it to my new install of D2OL?
    A:This is very easy to do.  Right after you install D2OL, it will display a window asking for your e-mail address.  Simply cancel this and navigate on over to C:\Program Files\SengentD2OL\D2OL\res\ and paste your backed up node.prp file back into the ‘res’ folder.  Now you can start D2OL and it will use your previous Node ID.

    Q: 我刚重装了我的操作系统,我之前也已备份了我的节点代号(Node ID)。我该如何把它恢复到我新安装的D2OL里面去呢?
    A:
    这很简单。在您安装D2OL之后,将会显示一个窗口来询问您e-mail地址。取消它,并找到 C:\Program Files\SengentD2OL\D2OL\res\ (默认路径) ,然后把您所备份的 node.prp 文件粘贴到 ‘res’ 文件夹。现在您可以启动D2OL了,而且它将会使用您原来的节点代号。

    Q:Can D2OL run completely in the background, with no Task Bar icon?
    A:Yes it can, you can either run it as a Service with Windows NT, 2000,2003 or XP; or you can run the program in different controller modes.You have a choice of the Lightweight Java GUI Controller, the CommandLine Interface Controller and the File Bases Controller. Moreinformation about these different modes can be found in the readme.txtfile in the C:\Program Files\SengentD2OL\D2OL\ folder.

    Q: D2OL能否完全后台运行,不显示出任务栏的小图标
    A:
    是的,它可以。您可以像Windows NT, 2000, 2003 或 XP的服务一样来运行它(注:指"就像"Win的服务一般,完全后台运行),或者以不同的控制器模式来运行它。 您可以选择轻便的Java GUI图形界面控制器,或者命令行界面控制器,或者基于文件的控制器。有关这三种不同模式的更多信息可在 C:\Program Files\SengentD2OL\D2OL\ (默情况下) 文件夹内的readme.txt 文件中找到。

    Q:Can D2OL run as a WinNT/Win2000/WinXP Service?
    A:Currently D2OL does not have service capability built into the client.While future versions may have some natively supported method, manyusers have had great success with FireDaemon.FireDaemon is a Service Manager allows you to make any Win32application start as a Windows NT Service when the computer starts up,allowing D2OL to do it’s work even when sitting at the Windows logonscreen. Please note the use if FireDaemon is unsupported by the D2OLstaff and it only posted here as a courtesy to D2OL members.

    Q: D2OL能否作为 WinNT/Win2000/WinXP 的服务来运行?
    A:
    目前D2OL客户端还不能作为WinNT/Win2000/WinXP 的服务来运行(注:与上个问题相对比,指程序没有内建成为Win的"原生态"服务的能力)。我们可能会在以后的版本中加入一些本地支持方法,但已有很多用户通过FireDaemon 软件取得了巨大成功。FireDaemon 是一个服务管理器,它允许您把任何Win32应用程序作为Windows NT服务来随系统一同启动。这样D2OL甚至在停留在Windows登陆界面的时候,就可以开始运行了(即类似于有些杀毒软件所说的“登陆系统前杀毒”那样)。不过请注意,D2OL人员并不对FireDaemon 提供支持,我们在这里向会员们提到它仅仅是出于好意。

    (感谢 大仙 对上面两个问题的翻译提供帮助~~)

    Q:Does D2OL run on SMP and Intel P4 HyperThreaded systems?
    A:Yes the client will run on SMP and HyperThreaded systems, but will notautomatically use both CPUs. Please see the SMP/HT instructions foreach client in their respected Client Forum FAQ's.

    Q: D2OL能否在SMP或Intel P4 超线程系统上运行?
    A:
    是的,客户端可以在SMP和超线程系统上运行,但目前还不能自动使用所有的CPU核心(即只能利用单核)。请到各相关版块的论坛FAQ查看针对各客户端的SMP/HT指令。
    另:D2OL3.0可多任务。
    (注:SMP指Symmetric Multi-Processing 对称多处理结构,在一个计算机上汇集了一组处理器(多CPU),各CPU之间共享内存子系统以及总线结构。在这种技术的支持下,一个服务器系统可以同时运行多个处理器,并共享内存和其他的主机资源。CMP指Chip multiprocessors 单芯片多处理器,SMT指Simultaneous multithreading 同时多线程。更多相关信息请自行Google~)


    Q:Can the client run offline or 'sneakernetted'?
    A.Yes it can. This is not hard to do at all but it takes a bit to explainit properly. Instructions for running the client offline can be foundin it’s own sticky thread here.

    Q: 客户端能否离线运算或'sneakernetted'?
    A:
    是的,它可以。这并不难做。但具体解释可能要花些时间(it takes a bit to explain it properly)。Instructions for running the client offline can be found in it’s own sticky thread here.
    (注:sneaker net大意是指人们通过软盘、移动硬盘、光盘之类的设备在电脑间传输数据的方式,而非通过网络传输)


    Q:My client hangs at a certain candidate and does not continue, what’s up?
    A:You probably have a bad candidate. This can happen when your Internetconnection hick-ups when downloading your candidates. The easiest wayto solve the problem is to perform a ‘Flush All Tasks’ in the ‘Status’option and download new candidates. Not all candidates are createdequal - some DO take longer to crunch than others. Flushing will notdelete completed results - only the candidate currently being dockedand your queue of unprocessed tasks.

    Q: 我的客户端在运行某个候选者时被挂起,并且不再继续,怎么回事?
    A:
    您可能遇到了一个损坏的候选者。这可能是在下载候选者的时候网络掉线造成的。最简单的解决方法是在‘Status’选项点击‘Flush All Tasks’ 来清空原有的候选者,并下载新的候选者。每个候选者并不是相同大小的 - 有些的确要花费比别的候选者更多的时间来计算。‘Flush All Tasks’ 不会删除已完成的结果 - 仅仅删除当前正在进行对接计算的候选者以及您的队列中等待处理的任务。

    Q:Why Java?
    A:Java is only used for the front end Graphical User Interface.  The docking of the candidates is done with C++.  

    Q: 为何使用Java?
    A:
    Java仅仅用于前端图形用户界面。对候选者的对接(docking)是用C++完成的。

    Q:Is there a third party program so I can monitor my clients progress and not have to have the Java GUI open?
    A:Yes there is, malör has kindly written a program for members namedDSpy. It has real time monitoring capabilities as well as many nodestatistics. DSpy is a Windows only program but DSpython is alsoavailable for Linux users that have the Python language installed ontheir computer, both can be found here.DSpy will also monitor D2OL's sister project, CommunityTSC. Pleasenote, this software is unsupported by D2OL and it's staff, anyquestions should be sent to malör  via a Private Message.

    Q: 有没有第三方程序,使我可以在不打开Java GUI界面的情况下也能监控我的客户端进展状况?
    A:
    有。亲爱的malör 为成员们写了一个名为DSpy的程序。它具有实时监控能力,以及查看节点的许多统计数据。DSpy仅可在Windows下运行。如果 Linux 用户在电脑上安装了 Python 的话,可以使用DSpython。在这里可以找到它们。 DSpy还能监视D2OL的姐妹项目,CommunityTSC。请注意,D2OL及其员工并不对该软件提供支持,若有问题,可以向 malör 发送私人讯息。

    [ 本帖最后由 Julian_Yuen 于 2008-10-20 12:09 编辑 ]
     楼主| 发表于 2008-3-3 11:10:34 | 显示全部楼层
    All Done。请广大D2OLer们检阅
    您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 新注册用户

    本版积分规则

    论坛官方淘宝店开业啦~

    小黑屋|手机版|Archiver|中国分布式计算总站 ( 沪ICP备05042587号 )

    GMT+8, 2021-9-26 16:57

    Powered by Discuz! X3.4

    © 2001-2017 Comsenz Inc.

    快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表